What is Diabetic Retinopathy

The human body does not use or store sugar properly in diabetes mellitus.High levels of blood sugar can damage blood vessels in the retina, the nerve layer at the bottom to send the eye that senses light and helps the brain images. The damage to the vessels of the retina is called diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetic eye disease may include:

Diabetic retinopathy, damage to blood vessels in the retina.
Cataract-clouding of the eye. Cataracts develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes.
Glaucoma, increased fluid pressure inside the eye that damages the optic nerve and vision loss. A person with diabetes is nearly twice as likely as other adults to get glaucoma.

What are the stages of diabetic retinopathy?
  1. Mild Nonproliferative Retinopathy.
  2. Moderate Nonproliferative Retinopathy
  3. Severe Nonproliferative Retinopathy.
  4. Proliferative Retinopathy.
Symptoms Of Diabetic Retinopathy:
  • Patients can remain free of symptoms in the early stages of the disease.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Sudden loss of vision in one eye.
  • Black spots moving in front of the eye.
  • Distorted central vision.
  • Abnormal patterns in the field of vision.
Treatment For Diabetic Retinopathy:

Laser is the most widely used treatment for diabetic retinopathy.

Prescription Medication To Control Diabets is Actos, Glocophage, Amaryl, Glipizide etc